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the INA remained dedicated to the defence of Burma and was a part of the Japanese defensive deployments. The Second Division was tasked with the defence of Irrawaddy and the adjoining areas around Nangyu, and offered opposition to Messervy's 7th Indian Division when it attempted to cross the river at Pagan and Nyangyu during Irrawaddy operations. Later, in the course of the Battles of Meiktila and Mandalay, the forces under Prem Sahgal have been tasked with defending the world around Mount Popa from the British seventeenth Division, which might have uncovered the flank of HeitarĊ Kimura's forces trying to retake Meiktila and Nyangyu.

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Those repatriated handed through transit camps in Chittagong and Calcutta to be held at detention camps throughout India together with Jhingergacha and Nilganj close to Calcutta, Kirkee outdoors Pune, Attock, Multan and at Bahadurgarh close to Delhi. By November, around 12,000 INA prisoners have been held in these camps; they have been released based on the "colours". It has been argued that the fact that Azad Hind was aligned politically with Japan and the Axis Powers may have had extra to do with what Bose saw as a pragmatic strategy to Indian independence. Disillusioned with Gandhi's philosophies of non-violence, Bose was clearly of the camp that supported exploiting British weak point to gain Indian independence.

But Bose insisted that the INA accompany the Imperial Japanese Army on its assault on Burma. The INA is memorialised in the Swatantrata Sainani Smarak, which is positioned at the Salimgarh Fort in Delhi, adjoining to the Red Fort. Its displays embrace the Indian National Army uniform worn by Colonel Prem Sahgal, driving boots and coat buttons of Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon and images of Subhas Chandra Bose. A separate gallery holds materials and pictures from excavations carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India inside the fort in 1995. The Indian National Army Memorial at Moirang, Manipur, commemorates the place where the flag of Azad Hind was raised by Col. Shaukat Hayat Malik. Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon and Lakshmi Sahgal were later awarded the Indian civilian honours of Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan respectively by the Indian Government in the Nineteen Nineties.